In 2001, Puerto Rico’s exports totaled $46.9 billion, imports totaled $29.1 billion. Finally, in 1848 Denmark abolished slavery in the colony. In 1947, Congress provided for popular election of the governor. Donna M. Christensen, a Democrat, was elected to serve a two-year term as representative in November 2006. The main state-supported university is the University of Puerto Rico, with its main campus at Rico Piedras. ." Economic development has brought an influx of new residents, mainly from Puerto Rico, other Caribbean islands, and the U.S. mainland. "United States Caribbean Dependencies By then, the gold mines were nearly depleted. Under the Treaty of Paris (December 1898) Puerto Rico was ceded outright to the United States. The chief executive of the U.S. Virgin Islands is the territorial governor, elected by direct popular vote (prior to 1970, territorial governors were appointed by the U.S. president). There are 13 sovereign island nations and 12 dependent territories, with close political ties throughout the region to Europe and the United States. PALMYRA ATOLL St. John, also mountainous, has fine beaches and lush vegetation; about two-thirds of St. John’s area has been declared a national park. Lewis (2016:532) observes that “the most striking realisation from BREXIT is that integration processes do not necessarily follow an inevitable trajectory of ever-closer union but can unravel”. In 1948, Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office. Despite that, its inhabitants are British citizens, meaning the Queen is their head of state … Beginning in 1956, there has been a focus on the tourist industry. Most are descendants of slaves who were brought from Africa in the 17th century when Denmark ruled some of the islands. population of 422,000. 3, pp. There are 14 institutions of higher education on the island. Since 1947, agriculture has been diversified to include dairy production. 12 Jan. 2021 . Puerto Ricans are of Spanish descent (80%), black (8%), or mixed ancestry (10%). Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0. Denmark sold the islands to the United States in 1917 for $25 million. Social. The territorial capital, Charlotte Amalie, is located on St. Thomas. The subtropical climate, with temperatures ranging from 21–32°c (70–90 °f) and an average temperature of 25°c (77°f), is moderated by northeast trade winds. Population: 122,211 In November 2000, PPD candidate Anibal Acevedo-Vila was elected commissioner from Puerto Rico; in November 2004, Acevedo-Vila was elected governor of Puerto Rico. Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]. Islands off the coast include Mona and Desecheo to the west and Vieques and Culebra to the east. They are largely self-governing and possess their own constitutions and regional governments. The unemployment rate was 6.2% in 2004. The College of the Virgin Islands was the territory’s first institution of higher learning. Haiti has a population of over 10.7 million people, making it the second most populous Caribbean state. This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia.The original content was at Category:Caribbean territories or dependencies.The list of authors can be seen in the page history.As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. In 1998 there were 14,400 kilometers (9,020 miles) of paved highway; trucks carry the bulk of overland freight. A long period of economic decline followed. Mean annual rainfall varies from 91 centimeters (36 inches) on the south coast to 152 centimeters (60 inches) in San Juan and may total more than 457 centimeters (180 inches) on the northern mountain slopes in the interior. The Popular Democratic Party (PPD) was the dominant political party until 1968, when Luis A. Ferré, a New Progressive Party (PNP) candidate, won the governorship. For more than 400 years, the island’s economy was based almost exclusively on sugar. While many claim that fossil fuels helped cultivate a modern disregard for the natural world, I show how the negative ecologies of fossil fuels also instigated new scientific and political appreciations for the liveliness of the natural world. Both St. Croix and St. Thomas have airports, with St. Croix’s facility handling the larger number of jet flights from the continental United States and Europe. The Virgin Islands had 22 radio stations (6 AM, 16 FM) and 5 broadcast television stations in 2004. In the November 2000 election, Sila M. Calderon of the PPD was elected governor. Electoral votes: 0 Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. This story of oil in the Caribbean has implications for scholarly debates around the so-called Anthropocene. The Roman Catholic religion is predominant (85%), but evangelical Protestant sects also have wide followings. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . I've never heard Mexico called a Caribbean country, and Guyana, Suriname and French Guyana are often included in cultural definitions, because of the close historical ties between them and the islands. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Most Caribbean countries remained under colonial rule after the abolition of slavery. It is worth to mention that the total population of these overseas territories in the Caribbean is approximately 140,000. Puerto Rico is separated from the Virgin Islands to the east by Vieques Sound and the Virgin Passage. St. John was claimed by the company in 1683 and St. Croix was purchased from France in 1733. The Taino combined fishing with agriculture. But despite the relatively high per capita incomes for a number of Caribbean countries, many have substantial social development problems, such as high poverty rates, income inequality, unemployment, underemployment and susceptibility to external forces (including weather, US economic fluctuations and changes in global commodity prices). There is a small but vocal independence movement, divided into two wings: the moderates, favoring social democracy, and the radicals, supporting close ties with the regime of Communist leader Fidel Castro in Cuba. Nearly all of the Amerindian inhabitants (about 0.4% of the population in 2002) were exterminated in the 16th century. The modern political world includes (58) territories and/or dependencies. Geography. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has said the government should consider imposing "direct rule" on the 14 British overseas territories and three Crown dependencies if they do not comply with UK tax law. About one-third of the island’s land is arable. A thriving manufacturing industry has been established. Puerto Rico lies between 17°51’ and 18°31’ n and 65°13’ and 67°56’ w. It is separated from the Dominican Republic (on the island of Hispaniola) to the west by the Mona Passage, which is 121 kilometers (75 miles) wide. In the Caribbean dependencies of France and UK, life expectancy has moved more or less in parallel with that in their administrating countries, and as a result gaps in life expectancy were relatively small or non-existent in the early 2010s. Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Reunion are first-order administrative divisions of overseas France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Geography Expert. NORTHERN MARIANAS The PNP also won control of the house, while the PPD retained the senate. M.A., Geography, California State University - … Caribbean Dependency theories were all grounded in Conflict Theory (as initially formulated by Marx in the 1880s) and incorporated Critical theory (as initially formulated by the Frankfurt School during the 1930s). However, this over- The Dominican Republic shares the Caribbean island of all stability masks a substantial shift in the profile of Hispaniola with Haiti. It extends 179 kilometers (111 miles) from east to west and 58 kilometers (36 miles) from north to south. U.S. taxes do not apply in Puerto Rico, since the commonwealth is not represented in Congress. Dependency theory has always been as it incorporates some Marxist concepts in that it addresses the issues of inequality and how the developed nations would have contributed to that inequality. Puerto Rico was briefly held by the English in 1598 and San Juan was besieged by the Dutch in 1625; otherwise, Spanish rule continued until the latter part of the 19th century. Exports for 2001 totaled $4.23 billion while imports totaled $4.61 billion. He called the island San Juan Bautista (St. John the Baptist) and claimed it for Spain. St. Croix has two principal towns: Christiansted and Frederiksted. The PPD returned to power in 1972 but lost to the PNP in 1976 and again, by a very narrow margin, in 1980; in 1984, it took roughly two-to-one majorities in both houses. The second Amerindian group, the Igneri, came from northern South America. Puerto Rico’s businesses have duty-free access to the markets of the United States. The coastal plain is about 24 kilometers (15 miles) wide at its broadest point. Haiti is an island state situated on Hispaniola Island. INTRODUCTION Many of them are dependencies of other countries. By 1990 there were 2,000 plants in Puerto Rico. In 1993 another plebiscite vote drew nearly 1.7 million voters or 73.6% of those eligible. divantilya +4. WAKE ISLAND Rainfall, the main source of fresh water, varies widely, and severe droughts are frequent. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The commonwealth status was upheld in a plebiscite (general vote) in 1967, with 60.5% voting for continuation of the commonwealth and 38.9% for Puerto Rican statehood. In 1931, administration of the islands was transferred from the Department of the Navy to the Department of the Interior, and the first civilian governor was appointed. It is one of the two independent American countries to make French their official language. Christopher Columbus, who reached the islands in 1493, named them for the martyred virgin St. Ursula. Publishing in English is The San Juan Star (daily circulation 76,873). Today these units are the British (UK) Virgin Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands. For the UK islands this meant that they lost their initial advantage in male life expectancy relative to the UK. The next election was scheduled for November 2008. Courts are under the U.S. federal judiciary; the two federal district court judges are appointed by the U.S. president. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. In 2004 the per capita GDP was $14,500. (2006). Education is compulsory. Puerto Rico’s new status as a free commonwealth voluntarily associated with the United States became effective on 25 July 1952. An estimated 5.0 million tourists visited Puerto Rico in 2004. Navassa. A congressional act of 1950, affirmed by popular vote in the island on 4 June 1951, granted Puerto Rico the right to draft its own constitution. ." . In this category, too, Royal Caribbean’s Oasis Class ships often are touted as the vessels to beat. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. The Spanish colonizers then began importing slaves from Africa and sugarcane growing became the leading economic activity. Archaeological finds indicate that at least three Amerindian cultures had settled on the island long before Columbus’s arrival. The Supreme Court and lower courts are tied in with the U.S. federal judiciary. LANGUAGE : English; Bahamian dialect Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. 27, No. During the 17th century, the archipelago was divided into two territorial units, one controlled by the British, the other controlled by Denmark. It is crossed from east to west by mountain ranges, the most prominent being the Cordillera Central, rising to nearly 1,338 meters (4,390 feet). Many scholars and observers have contended that while the Caribbean garners most of its revenue from tourism, it has had to contend with negative consequences such as the escalation of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. English is the official and most widely spoken language. Source: The World Factbook, 2005The following is a list of dependencies—territories under the jurisdiction of another country. Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. In Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean Euclid Rose focuses upon the efforts made by the English-speaking Caribbean through case studies that compare and contrast the political economies of Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada to break out of the legacy of colonial dependency and underdevelopment through the implementation of a Caribbean brand of socialism. Size: 136 sq. Now, during the corona crisis, it’s deserted and vulnerable. The small contingent of Spaniards compelled the Taíno, numbering perhaps 30,000, to mine for gold. A Jewish synagogue there is the second-oldest in the New World, and the Lutheran Congregation of St. Thomas, founded in 1666, is one of the three oldest congregations in the United States. In 2019, it was estimated that more than 647 million people lived in Latin America and the Caribbean. How many countries make in North America; Belize, Central America Don’t Forget The 22 Dependent Territories In North America. Sovereign states. Caribbean Dependencies. The U.S. Virgin Islands lie about 64 kilometers (40 miles) north of Puerto Rico and 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) south-southeast of Miami, between 17°40’ and 18°25’n and 64°34’ and 65°3’ n. The island group extends 82 kilometers (51 miles) north to south and 80 kilometers (50 miles) from east to west, with a total area of at least 353 square kilometers (136 square miles). Columbus, accompanied by a young nobleman named Juan Ponce de León, landed at the western end of the island. The first Amerindian group are believed to have come from Florida. San Juan is the busiest commercial air center in the Caribbean. The average yearly rainfall is 114 centimeters (45 inches), mostly during the summer months. JOHNSTON ATOLL 328-352. Puerto Rico elects a commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Having no knowledge of agriculture or pottery, they relied on the products of the sea; their remains have been found mostly in caves. In the late 1970s, the Virgin Islands government began to consider ways to expand self-rule. Caribbean Dependency Theory (CDT) emerged at the University of the West Indies in the 1960s and became particularly influential as a critical analytical response to evolving neoliberal policies in the 1970s. By 2006, the gross domestic product (GDP) reached $74.89 billion, up from $15.8 billion in 1986. Political Geography Basics Physical Geography Population Country Information Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship. It has already provoked critical reviews of Caribbean integration processes, many of which had the EU as a reference point in one way or another 9. Enactment of the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands on 22 July 1954 vested local legislative power—subject to veto by the governor— in a unicameral legislature. The holdings of the company were taken over as a Danish crown colony in 1754. The number of tourists rose dramatically throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, from 448,165 in 1964 to 2.6 million in 2005. A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. Tropical fruits and other vegetation abound. Dependent Territories . Boston University Libraries. The Crown Dependencies are not part of the United Kingdom, but are self-governing possessions of … The Virgin Islands are two group…, Compiled from the October 2006 Background Note and supplemented with additional information from the State Department and the editors of this volume.…, AMERICAN SAMOA The legislature consists of a 28-member senate and 51-member house of representatives elected by popular vote to four-year terms. These are St. Croix, which measures 218 square kilometers (84 square miles) in area; St. Thomas, which measures 83 square kilometers (32 square miles); and St. John, which measures 52 square kilometers (20 square miles). Those aren't the same thing. The voters choose to keep the commonwealth status 48.4% to 46.2% for statehood and 4.4% for independence. The island was captured by U.S. forces during the Spanish-American War (1898). The pro-commonwealth PPD remained in control of the government in every election from 1984–92, when Pedro Rosselló, an PNP member and supporter of statehood, was elected governor; Roselló was reelected in 1996. If you’re curious about how many countries in the Caribbean specifically, the answer is 13! Since 1972, the islands have sent one nonvoting representative to the U.S. House of Representatives. Luis Fortuno of the PNP was elected commissioner in November 2004. In 2004, there were 1.1 million main telephone lines on the island; that year there were an estimated 2.7 million mobile cellular telephone lines, up from 169,265 in 1996. [citation needed] A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. The leading industrial products were pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, and tourism. Raw crude oil constitutes the Virgin Island’s principal import. United States Caribbean Dependencies. Tourism, which accounts for approximately 70% of both gross domestic product (GDP) and employment is the islands’ principal economic activity. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Other institutions of higher learning are the Catholic University of Puerto Rico in Ponce, and the Inter-American University with campuses at Hato Rey, San Germán, and elsewhere. Puerto Rico. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/united-states-caribbean-dependencies-0, "United States Caribbean Dependencies Some of the oldest religious congregations in the Western Hemisphere are located in the Virgin Islands. By 2005, per capita GDP was $18,600, and illiteracy had declined to just 6% (estimated to be slightly higher for females). Caribbean territories still … The third culture, the Taíno were also of South American Arawak origin. Sir William Stapleton established the first federation in the British West Indies in 1674. Stapleton's Federation was active between 1674 and 1685, during his term as governor, and the General Assembly met regularly until 1711. Between 1958 and 1962 most of the British-controlled Caribbean was integrated as the new West Indies Federation in an attempt to create a single unified future independent state. It''s called Caribbean Countries and Territories, and includes things that just border on the Caribbean Sea. Caribbean Dependencies. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively. The population was estimated at 3,927,188 in 2006. Level 37. In 2000 there were 856 kilometers (531.6 miles) of roads in the U.S. Virgin Islands; the U.S. Virgin Islands has the only U.S. roads where driving is done on the left side of the road. The separate history of the U.S. Virgin Islands began with the settlement of St. Thomas by the Danish West India Company in 1672. Not until colonization was well under way would the island acquire the name Puerto Rico (“rich port”), with the name San Juan Bautista applied to the capital city. The first settlers arrived on 12 August 1508, under the able leadership of Ponce de León, who sought to transplant and adapt Spanish civilization to Puerto Rico’s tropical habitat. Haiti was established on January 1, 1804, becoming the first independent state i… Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). As well as 21 dependencies. The prevailing winds are the northeast trades. The slaves revolted and the Danish colonizers brutally suppressed them. Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states.. St. Croix is relatively flat, with a terrain suitable for sugarcane cultivation. Territorial court judges, who preside over misdemeanor and traffic cases, are appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. Dependencies and Territories of the World. There are three island territories within the British Isles that are known as Crown Dependencies; these are the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey which make up Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. Baptists make up an estimated 42% of the population, Roman Catholics 34%, and Episcopalians 17%. Services . At this time, St. Croix was inhabited by Carib Indians, who were eventually driven from the island by Spanish soldiers in 1555. Puerto rico remained under direct military rule until 1900. Charlotte Amalie has one of the finest harbors in the Caribbean. As of 2004, 127 radio stations (74 AM, 53 FM) were operation. St. Thomas is mountainous and little cultivated, but it has many snug harbors. The West Indies can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west. However for others, Caribbean culture is seen as exciting and enticing. The population is 9.4 million, and dependency, occurring mainly in low and middle income 0.5 million (5.7%) are aged 65 and over [11]. This is, again, because of the incredible array of attractions their size allows. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes. This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies. Its area is five square kilometers (two square miles). This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west. U.S. Virgin Islands. The two largest Spanish-language daily newspapers, both from San Juan, are El Vocero de Puerto Rico (259,000 daily circulation in 2002), and El Nuevo Día (227,000). © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Historical buildings, cultural practices, public festivals as well as the population interest certain tourists (Daniel 170). The population of the U.S. Virgin Islands was estimated at 108,605 in 2006, down from 123,498 in 2002. Canadian Journal of Development Studies / Revue canadienne d'études du développement: Vol. U.S. It is the biggest French-speaking Caribbean state with over 42% of the population conversing in French. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Mail Jul 28, 2017. Navassa is a tiny island that lies between Jamaica and Haiti in the Caribbean Sea. . At a Glance POPULATION : 307,451 There were about 70,900 main line telephones in 2004, and 41,000 mobile cellular phones. The first visit by a European explorer was 19 November 1493, when Christopher Columbus landed. The island’s primary export is refined petroleum products. According to 2000 Census, about 86% of the population ages 16 to 19 years old were enrolled in school; of those, about 18% were enrolled in private schools. Many persons that visit the Caribbean are there to enjoy the natural beauty, the relaxation and the stress free activities. Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies. Encyclopedia.com. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. In 2006, there were 32 broadcast television stations. Most Caribbean Countries have gained their independence from their European colonizers. Constitutionally, the U.S. Congress has plenary authority to legislate for the territory. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. You can read all about that in my blog post here. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. The main island of Puerto Rico is roughly rectangular in shape. Rum remains an important manufacture, with petroleum refining (on St. Croix) a major addition in the late 1960s. New or expanding manufacturing and hotel enterprises are granted exemptions of varying lengths and degrees from income taxes and municipal levies. Descended from South American Arawak stock, the Igneri brought agriculture and pottery to the island; their remains are found mostly in the coastal areas. Excavations at St. Croix in the 1970s uncovered evidence of a civilization perhaps as ancient as ad 100. It is the smallest and most easterly of the Greater Antilles, a group of four islands in the northwestern portion of the Caribbean Sea. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Appeals from Puerto Rican courts may be carried as far as the U.S. Supreme Court. Economic development is promoted by the U.S.-government–owned Virgin Islands Corp. In San Juan on the northern coast, mean temperatures range from 24°c (75 °f) for January to 27°c (81 °f) for July. This paper looks at that dilemma for policy makers in Grenada. Of the twenty (20) countries in the world that depend most on tourism, eleven (11) are in the Caribbean. In 1990, median family income was $24,036. San Juan, the capital, had an estimated. Navassa was claimed by the United States under the Guano Act of 1856. A peaceful, sedentary tribe, the Taíno were adept at stone-work and lived in many parts of the island; to these Amerindians, the island was known as Borinquén. Sugarcane, cultivated by slave labor, was the backbone of the islands’ prosperity in the 18th and early 19th centuries. pop. Their land area is also reduced, the five dependencies cover just over 1,030 km² or 400 square miles. However there are a few countries which are still controlled by a mother country and these are called dependent territories. ." Everyone longs to be there. Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase "Caribbean countries" has a variety of meanings:[30] Such as these images show below, Caribbean countries in the strictest sense, Caribbean countries in the widest application of the phrase, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean, http://www.macmillan-caribbean.com/home/Home.aspx, "List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ac.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bf.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cu.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/do.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dr.html, "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/st.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vc.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/td.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/av.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vi.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cj.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mh.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rq.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tb.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rn.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tk.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/vq.html, http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sovereign_states_and_dependent_territories_in_the_West_Indies&oldid=999179861, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 21:48. , Luis Muñoz Marín was elected to that office territories in North America a mother country and are. 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